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Jennifer Ruh Linder

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Jennifer Ruh Linder

Pioneer Hall 114


Dr. Linder is a development psychologist who specializes in childhood and adolescence. Her specific research interests include aggression and conflict in friendships and romantic relationships and the effects of media (e.g., television, video games, the Internet) on children, adolescents and adults. She enjoys Crossfit, raising her Goldendoodle and cooking.


  • B.A., University of New Hampshire
  • M.A., University of Minnesota
  • Ph.D., University of Minnesota


Women's Wealth: The Middle Way podcast (2021). Princess Culture with Dr. Jennifer Linder (also available on Spotify and Soundcloud).


Coyne, S. M., Linder, J. R., Booth, M., & Keenan-Kroff, S. (2021).  Princess power: Engagement with princess culture in preschool and gender-stereotypical behavior, body esteem, and hegemonic masculinity in early adolescenceChild Development.

Daniels, E. A., & Linder, J. R.  (2021).  Sex object vs. athlete: Boys’ and men’s responses toward sexualized male athletesSex Roles.

Martin, N., Coyne, S. M., Linder, J. R. (2018). Media and relational aggression. In SM. Coyne and J.M. Ostrov (Eds.), The development of relational aggression (pp. 203-218). Oxford University Press.

Linder, J. R., Daniels, E. (2018). Sexy vs. sporty: The effects of viewing media images of athletes on self-objectification in college students. Sex Roles, 78, 27-39.

Coyne, S. M., Radesky, J., Collier. K. M., Gentile, D. A., Linder J.R., Nathanson, A. I., Rasmussen, E. E., & Reich, S. M. (2017) Parenting and digital media. Pediatrics, 140(5), s112-s116.

Coyne, S. M., Stockdale, L. Linder, J. R., Nelson, D. A., Collier, K. M.,& Essig, L. W. (2017).
Pow! Boom! Kablam! Effects of viewing superhero programs on aggressive, prosocial, and defending behaviors in preschool children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology.45(8), 1523-1535.

Coyne, S. M., Linder, J. R., Rasmussen, E. R., Nelson, D. A., & Birkbeck, V. (2016).
Longitudinal effects of engagement with Disney princesses on gender stereotypes, body esteem, and prosocial behavior in children. Child Development, 87, 1909-1925.

Coyne, S. M., Linder, J. R., Rasmussen, E. E., Nelson, D. A., & Collier, K. (2014). It’s a bird! It’s a plane! It’s a gender stereotype!: Longitudinal associations between superhero viewing and gender-stereotyped play. Sex Roles, 70, 416-430.

Linder, J. R., (2013). Effects of media violence on relational aggression. Encyclopedia of Media Violence. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Linder, J. R., & Werner, N. E. (2012). Relationally aggressive media exposure and children’s normative beliefs: Does parental mediation matter? Family Relations, 61, 488-500.

Coyne, S. M., Linder, J. R., Nelson, D.A., Gentile, D.A. (2012). “Frenemies, Fraitors, and Mean-em-aitors”: Priming effects of viewing physical and relational aggression in the media on women. Aggressive Behavior, 38, 141-149.

Linder, J. R., & Lyle, K. (2011). A content analysis of indirect, verbal, and physical aggression in television programs popular among school-aged girls. American Journal of Media Psychology, 4, 24-42.

Linder, J. R., Werner, N. E., & Lyle, K. (2010). Automatic and controlled social information processing and relational aggression in young adults. Journal of Personality and Individual Differences, 49, 778-783.

Linder, J. R., & Gentile, D. A. (2009). Is the television rating system valid? Indirect, verbal and physical aggression in programs viewed by fifth-grade girls and associations with behavior, Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 30, 286-297.

Nelson, A., & Linder, J. R. (2008). The role of life events, coping style, and college adjustment in predicting relational aggression in first-year college students, Modern Psychological Studies, 13(2), 32-49.

Linder, J. R., & Collins, W. A. (2005). Parent and peer predictors of verbal aggression, physical aggression, and conflict management in romantic relationships in late adolescence and young adulthood. Journal of Family Psychology, 19(2), 252-262.

Gentile, D. A., Lynch, P. J., Linder, J. R. & Walsh, D. A. (2004). The effects of violent video game habits on adolescent hostility, aggressive behaviors, and school performance. Journal of Adolescence, 27, 5-22.

Linder, J. R., Crick, N. R., & Collins, W. A. (2002). Relational aggression and victimization in young adult’s romantic relationships: Associations with perceptions of parent, peer, and romantic relationship quality. Social Development, 11, 69-86.

Marshall, N. L., Garcia-Coll, C., Marx, F., McCartney, K., Keefe, N., & Ruh, J. (1997). After-school time and children’s behavioral adjustment. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 43, 497-514.

McCartney, K., Scarr, S., Rocheleau, A., Phillips, D., Abbott-Shim, M., Eisenberg, M., Keefe, N., Rosenthal, S., & Ruh, J. (1997). Teacher-child interaction and child-care auspices as predictors of social outcomes in infants, toddlers, and preschoolers. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 43, 426-450.