faculty image

Jennifer Ruh Linder - Professor

Pioneer 114

Education: B.A. University of New Hampshire; M.A., Ph.D. University of Minnesota

Academic Interests:
My specialty is developmental psychology and close relationships across the lifespan, including parent-child relationships, friendships, romantic relationships, aggression, and media effects. I am especially interested in topics related to children and adolescents.

Some of my specific research interests include:
observational research methods for studying relationships, aggression and conflict in friendships and romantic relationships, and the effects of media on child development (including television, videogames, and the internet).


  • Linder, J. R., (2013).  Effects of media violence on relational aggression. Encyclopedia of  Media Violence.  Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

  • Linder, J. R., & Werner, N. E.  (2012). Relationally aggressive media exposure and children’s normative beliefs: Does parental mediation matter? Family Relations, 61, 488-500.

  • Coyne, S. M., Linder, J. R., Nelson, D.A., Gentile, D.A. (2012).  “Frenemies, Fraitors, and Mean-em-aitors”: Priming effects of viewing physical and relational aggression in the media on women.   Aggressive Behavior, 38, 141-149.

  • Linder, J. R., & Lyle, K. (2011). A content analysis of indirect, verbal, and physical aggression in television programs popular among school-aged girls. American Journal of Media Psychology, 4, 24-42.

  • Linder, J. R., Werner, N. E., & Lyle, K. (2010). Automatic and controlled social information processing and relational aggression in young adults. Journal of Personality and Individual Differences, 49, 778-783.

  • Linder, J. R., & Gentile, D. A. (2009). Is the television rating system valid? Indirect, verbal and physical aggression in programs viewed by fifth grade girls and associations with behavior, Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 30, 286-297.

  • Nelson, A., & Linder, J. R. (2008). The role of life events, coping style, and college adjustment in predicting relational aggression in first-year college students. Modern Psychological Studies, 13(2),32-49.

  • Linder, J. R., & Collins, W. A. (2005). Parent and peer predictors of verbal aggression, physical aggression, and conflict management in romantic relationships in late adolescence and young adulthood. Journal of Family Psychology, 19, 252-262.

  • Gentile, D. A., Lynch, P. J., Linder, J. R., & Walsh, D. A. (2004). The effects of violent video game habits on adolescent hostility, aggressive behaviors, and school performance. Journal of Adolescence, 27, 5-22.

  • Linder, J. R., Crick, N. R., & Collins, W. A. (2002). Relational aggression and victimization in young adult's romantic relationships: Associations with perceptions of parent, peer, and romantic relationship quality. Social Development, 11, 69-86.

  • Marshall, N. L., Garcia-Coll, C., Marx, F., McCartney, K., Keefe, N., & Ruh, J. (1997). After-school time and children's behavioral adjustment. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 43, 497-514.

  • McCartney, K., Scarr, S., Rocheleau, A., Phillips, D., Abbott-Shim, M., Eisenberg, M., Keefe, N., Rosenthal, S., & Ruh, J. (1997). Teacher-child interaction and child-care auspices as predictors of social outcomes in infants, toddlers, and preschoolers. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 43, 426-450.