- Linfield College
School of Nursing

Federal Direct Parent PLUS Loan

Federal Direct Parent PLUS Loans are available to parents (legal or adoptive, or stepparent, if their information is required on the FAFSA®) of dependent undergraduate students enrolled at least half time at Linfield University. The lender is the U.S. Department of Education (ED) and parents borrow from ED and repay ED. Parents with good credit may borrow Federal Direct Parent PLUS Loan funds to pay the education expenses of their child. Eligible parents are required to pass a credit check, which means the parent does not have adverse credit history, however parents with adverse credit history may be able to qualify by appealing the decision or obtaining an endorser. The student must file a Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA®). 

Parents and their dependent child must be U.S. citizens or eligible noncitizens, must not be in default on any federal education loans or owe an overpayment on a federal education grant, and must meet other general eligibility requirements for the Federal Student Aid programs. You can find more information about these requirements in Funding Education Beyond High School: The Guide to Federal Student Aid. Scroll down for information on the application process, interest rates, loan fees, repayment options and in-school deferments of repayment. More information can be found at https://studentaid.gov/.

A loan is money you borrow and must pay back with interest, be sure you understand your options and responsibilities.

Process for applying and receiving a Federal Direct Parent PLUS Loan at Linfield: 

Your student must have a valid FAFSA on file before you apply for a Parent PLUS Loan. After you confirm that our office has a valid FAFSA on file you may apply for a Parent PLUS loan.

Log in using your parent FSA ID. Your parent FSA ID is also used to electronically sign your  student’s FAFSA.

Once you to complete the PLUS Loan Application. The Department of Education will complete credit check which will be valid for 180 days.

After you have successfully completed the Parent Plus Loan application you will need to sign a Loan Agreement for a PLUS Loan (MPN). You must use your full legal first and last name when completing the MPN, or the Department of Education will be unable to link it to the loan record sent by the school.

The maximum PLUS Loan amount is the student’s Cost of Attendance minus any other financial aid she/he is eligible to receive.  If you apply for an amount exceeding this maximum, we will reduce your loan at the time of origination.

Federal PLUS Loan funds will be evenly divided over the student’s academic year, unless the loan period given on your application indicates differently.

Contact the Office of Financial Aid if you have any questions via e-mail: finaid@linfield.edu or phone 503.883.2225 with any questions.

Outcomes of credit decision:

    • If the credit check result is declined, due to the presence of adverse credit history, the parent has several options, such as challenging the credit decision (call toll free to appeal at 800.557.7394), obtaining an endorser/co-borrower, do nothing, or notify the Office of Financial Aid that you will not be pursuing any of these options and would like your dependent student to be eligible to borrow the additional Unsubsidized Federal Direct Stafford Loan. Beginning on March 29, 2015 in situations where a PLUS loan borrower’s credit decision is declined, and they either obtain an endorser or gain approval to overturn the credit decision via documenting their existence of extenuating circumstances, PLUS Loan Counseling is required in addition to completing the Application and Master Promissory Note (MPN) at https://studentaid.gov/.


Federal Servicer

The parent will be sent a loan disclosure statement from the Federal Servicer, which includes the terms and conditions of the loan borrowed.

Interest Rate

A “variable-fixed” interest rate is assessed on the loan from the date the first disbursement is made until the loan is paid in full. 

  • The fixed interest rate is 7.08% for loans disbursed after July 1, 2019 and before July 1, 2020.
  • The fixed interest rate is 7.60% for loans disbursed after July 1, 2018 and before July 1, 2019.

On August 9, 2013 President Obama signed into a law a market-based student loan bill where the loan interest rate is “variable-fixed” rate based upon the 10-year Treasury bill plus a 4.6% add on.  Every year on July 1, the variable-fixed rate is set. The new rate is set with each new loan. The interest rate cap is 10.5% for Federal Direct PLUS loans.


Federal Direct Parent PLUS Loans are subject to a 4%* loan fee that will be subtracted from the requested loan amount at the time of disbursement.  Loan fees are set by the federal government and the amounts vary depending on when the loan was disbursed.  Loan fee calculations that result in more than two decimal points must be truncated (not rounded) to two decimal points (cents). 

The Budget Control Act of 2011 (the sequester law) remains in effect, and sequester-required changes to the loan fees are as follows:

      *Beginning October 1, 2018 for any loans first disbursed on or after October 1, 2018 and before October 1, 2019 the Loan Fee is 4.248%


Repayment will begin 45-60 days after the final loan disbursement for the academic year. There is no grace period for Parent PLUS loans. Interest begins to accrue at the time the first disbursement is made. Parents have two repayment options while the student is enrolled at least half-time in a four-year undergraduate degree program:

  1. Full principle and interest payments for 10 years
  2. Deferred payment during the student’s four year undergraduate program. Interest will accrue during this period. To make arrangements for in-school deferment contact the Direct Loan Servicer, or visit https://studentaid.gov.

Parents will be automatically placed in the Standard Repayment Plan upon beginning repayment, unless a different plan is requested per eligibility determine with the Direct Loan Servicer. Contact the Direct Loan Servicer to choose a different plan, discuss trouble with repayment, or consolidation.  With the Standard Repayment Plan, parents will pay a fixed amount each month until the loans are paid in full. The monthly payments will be at least $50, and borrowers will have up to 10 years to repay their loans.  It is important to repay the Parent PLUS Loans, failure to repay results in default and has serious consequences.  Parents can track their loan history by accessing the National Student Loan Data System to see all federal aid received from all schools attended, as a student and as a parent borrower. 

The parent’s monthly payment under the Standard Repayment Plan may be higher than it would be under other plans because loans will be repaid in the shortest time. For that reason parents may pay the least amount of interest.

To calculate estimated loan payments, use the Department of Education's Repayment Estimator calculator.

Calculator results: Using the repayment calculator, with an interest rate of 6.41% and total Stafford debt of $32,000 an example repayment schedule would be:

Interest Rate 
Loan Amount
Repayment Plan Terms (in months) Initial Monthly Payments  Total Payments (Interest+Principal) 
Standard 120 $361.89 $43,426.79



(see Note 1.)
120 $207.86 $46,532.73


Note 1: This is an estimated monthly repayment amount for the first two years of the term and total loan payment. The monthly repayment amount will generally increase every two years, based on the gradation factor in the graduated repayment rules.

Frequently Asked Questions

Who is considered a parent? To borrow a Federal Direct Parent PLUS loan for a student, the parent must be the student’s biological or adoptive mother or father. A stepparent is eligible to borrow a Federal Direct Parent PLUS Loan if their income and assets are taken into account when calculating the dependent student’s Expected Family Contribution (EFC), because their information was required on the student's FAFSA®.  A Federal Direct Parent PLUS Loan Request Form and a separate Federal Direct PLUS Loan MPN are required for each dependent student a parent is borrowing for, or if both parents want to borrow individually on behalf of the same student. Legal guardians and grandparents are not eligible to apply for the Parent PLUS loan. 

What is considered adverse credit history? An applicant has an adverse credit history if on the date of the credit report, the applicant is 90 or more days delinquent on any debt over the $2,085 debt threshold (subject to annual review), or has been the subject of a default determination, bankruptcy discharge, foreclosure, repossession, tax lien, wage garnishment, or write-off of a debt under title IV of the Act during the five years preceding the date of the credit report.

Can I borrow more Federal Direct Parent PLUS Loan funds to cover January Term for my dependent student? After the student has registered for January Term, an additional Federal Direct Parent PLUS Loan Request Form may be submitted to the Office of Financial Aid in order to process this additional loan. The Office of Financial Aid will increase the student’s cost of attendance based on the number of credits the student is enrolled in for January term, and subtract all financial aid to determine the additional amount the parent may be eligible to borrow. The loan funds will be prepared for spring semester, and disbursements will occur at the beginning of Spring Semester. Contact the Linfield Student Accounts Office at 503.413.7887 to discuss payment arrangements.

When do I apply for this loan? Submit the Federal Direct Parent PLUS Loan Request Form to the Office of Financial Aid at any time during the academic year, until the student ceases attendance. Federal Direct Parent PLUS Loan requests must be processed before the last date of the student’s enrollment for this period.

How do I track my loans? Access the U.S Department of Education’s National Student Loan Data System (NSLDS) under "Financial Aid Review" to retrieve loan information. This website allows parents to see all federal aid received from all schools attended, as a student and as a parent borrower. 

How do I determine my Direct Loan Servicer? Request information about the Direct Loan Servicer by calling 1-800-433-3243 or retrieve loan information online through the U.S Department of Education’s National Student Loan Data System (NSLDS) under Financial Aid Review. Notifications from the U.S. Department of Education, such as disclosure statements, should list the Direct Loan Servicer contact information.  A list of Federal Servicers and their contact information is available on https://studentaid.gov.

Terms and Conditions

Terms and conditions of the Federal Direct Parent PLUS Loan are located on the Master Promissory Note, which parents are encouraged to read and sign online at https://studentaid.gov. Preview a read-only version of the Federal Direct Parent PLUS Loan Master Promissory Note (MPN), which includes borrower rights and responsibilities as well as the terms and conditions.


Default (failing to repay a loan) is defined in detail in the Terms and Conditions section of the MPN. Serious consequences occur with default:

  • The United States Department of Education (ED) will require immediate repayment of the entire unpaid amount of the loan
  • ED may sue, take all or part of the borrowers federal and state tax refunds and other federal or state payments, and/or garnish the borrowers wages so that the employer is required to send ED part of the borrowers salary to pay off the loan
  • ED will require the payment of reasonable collection fees and costs, plus court costs and attorney fees
  • ED will report the default to national consumer reporting agencies
  • The borrower may be denied a professional license
  • The borrower will lose eligibility for other federal student aid and assistance under most federal benefit programs
  • The borrower will lose eligibility for loan deferments