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Linfield Libraries
Jereld R. Nicholson Library
Hours (swipe access only)
Aug. 24 – Nov. 20
M-Th: 7:30 am – midnight
F: 7:30 am – 6 pm
Sa: 10 am – 4 pm
Su: Noon – midnight
Portland Campus Library
Building closed until further notice
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Jereld R. Nicholson Library
Hours (swipe access only)
Aug. 24 – Nov. 20
M-Th: 7:30 am – midnight
F: 7:30 am – 6 pm
Sa: 10 am – 4 pm
Su: Noon – midnight
Portland Campus Library
Building closed until further notice
facebook   Twitter   Federal Depository Library

Encyclopedias and Reference

Art & Music
Biology and Chemistry
Business and Economics
Countries, Cultures and Diversity
Gender Studies
General Reference
Health, Medicine, & Sport
Language and Literature
Math and Physics
Philosophy and Religion
Political Science & Law
Sociology and Anthropology
Wine Studies


Biodiversity & Sustainability    Energy    Environment    Ethics/Philosophy    Food/Agriculture    Research Articles    Series:Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability   

Biodiversity & Sustainability

  • Encyclopedia of Biodiversity Elsevier
    Major themes of biodiversity including evolution, classification, definition, ecological patterns and theories, and an assessment of contemporary patterns and trends. (Updated regularly)
  • Endangered Species Gale
    Covers the endangered and threatened status of a myriad of mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish, mollusks, insects, arachnids, corals, crustaceans, and plants. Each entry provides the species' common/scientific name, classification information, current status according to the IUCN and the Endangered Species Act, description, location, reason for endangerment, and measures being taken to protect it. (2016)


  • Alternative Energy Gale
    Introduces students to issues surrounding current energy sources and alternative energy options. (2012)
  • Energy for the 21st Century Gale
    Provides a detailed analysis of the past, present, and future of all the principal energy sources--biomass, coal, oil, natural gas, hydro, and nuclear power--as well as sustainable sources, especially fuel cell technology. (2007)
  • Energy: In Context Gale
    Explains the fundamentals of energy science and the impact of energy on human life and the environment. Interdisciplinary in nature, it covers topics from such fields as geology, biology, physics, history, sociology, and economics. (2016)


  • Climate Change: In Context Gale
    Offers coverage of the history, politics, and ethical debates related to climate change, including the impact of climate change on daily life, trade and commerce, travel, and the future of both industrialized and impoverished nations. Provides insights on leading social issues and spurs critical thinking about the impact of environmental issues on daily life and globalization. (2008)
  • Encyclopedia of Environment and Society Gale
    Provides issues, concepts, theories, examples, problems, and policies, with the goal of explicating an emerging way of thinking about people and nature. Written by experts from incredibly diverse fields. (2007)
  • Encyclopedia of Global Change Oxford
    Encompassing tsunamis, elephant conservation, ocean pollution, mining regulation, and permafrost melt, the 300 authoritative articles in this unique and wide-ranging encyclopedia investigate all types of phenomena that change life on Earth. (2001)
  • Encyclopedia of Global Warming & Climate Change Gale
    Explores major topics related to global warming and climate change-ranging geographically from the North Pole to the South Pole, and thematically from social effects to scientific causes. (2012)
  • Encyclopedia of the Earth
    Focuses on the Earth, its natural environments, and their interaction with society. Articles are written by scholars, professionals, educators, and experts who collaborate and review each other's work.
  • Environmental Science: In Context Gale
    Provides comprehensive coverage of the environmental sciences. Cross-curricular in nature, the title supports both basic and advanced curricula in earth and environmental science, physics, chemistry, and biology, as well as general science, history, government, and the social sciences. (2009)
  • Great Debates in American Environmental History Gale
    Examines the most important and controversial environmental issues in the history of the United States, from the Colonial period to the present. Describes the issues, the stakeholders of various positions, and both the immediate outcome of the debate, and the long-term consequences of the result. (2008)
  • Green Issues and Debates Gale
    Explores the multitude of threats to sustainable life on earth and the myriad of controversies surrounding potential solutions. (2011)
  • Human Geography: People and the Environment Gale
    Provides insight into both regional and global issues by addressing fundamental and advanced topics critical to the study of human geography and places special emphasis on exploring the impact of human habitation and economic activity on the environment. (2013)
  • Water Rights and the Environment in the United States Gale
    This book is a one-stop resource for understanding the scope of water issues in America, from governing doctrine and legislation, to Native American water rights, to water protection and pollution, and to the mitigation of natural and human-made disasters. (2015)
  • Water: Science and Issues Gale
    Covers all important water science concepts and current issues and highlights major historical developments and key figures. (2003)


  • Green Ethics and Philosophy Gale
    Covers the moral relationship between humans and their natural environment, specifically targeting the contemporary green movement. (2011)


  • Encyclopedia of Agrophysics Springer
    Provides up-to-date information on the physical properties and processes affecting the quality of the environment and plant production. (2011)
  • Food and Famine in the 21st Century ABC Clio
    Hunger, starvation, and famine today are acknowledged as cultural hazards, interrelated with natural hazards, increasingly complex, and difficult to resolve. This work helps provide an understanding of the significance and ramifications of the world's agricultural systems, food production, food availability, food shortages, hunger, starvation, and famine. (2012)

Research Articles

Series:Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

  • Afro-Eurasia: Assessing Sustainability Gale
    Focuses on the geographic area where humans originated and first began to make use of the natural world - Earth's largest landmass, stretching from Portugal in the west across the steppes of Russia and south across Africa to the Cape of Good Hope. (2012)
  • Americas and Oceania: Assessing Sustainability Gale
    Provides extensive coverage of sustainability practices from experts from around the globe. Topics include efforts to balance resource demands and growth, from New Zealand and the islands of the South Pacific (under threat by rising sea levels) to Brazil, Central America, the United States, and Canada. (2012)
  • China, India, and East and Southeast Asia: Assessing Sustainability Gale
    Provides an overview of the environmental challenges facing the most populous parts of Asia. Regional coverage includes topics such as business and commerce, environmental and corporate law, and values and technology. This volume places special focus on demographics, geography, educational initiatives, international relationships, and negotiations related to sustainable practices. (2012)
  • Ecosystems Management and Sustainability Gale
    Analyzes myriad human-initiated processes and tools developed to foster sustainable natural resource use, preservation, and restoration. It also examines how humans interact with plant, marine, and animal life in both natural and human-altered environments. (2012)
  • Future of Sustainability Gale
    Essays include crucial topics in terms of the outlook for humanity and our relationship with the natural world. Articles cover aging and world population, cities and community, energy, agriculture, water, food security, mobility, and migration. (2012)
  • Law and Politics of Sustainability Gale
    Explores efforts made to address pressing environmental concerns through legislation, conventions, directives, treaties, and protocols. (2011)
  • Measurements, Indicators, and Research Methods for Sustainability Gale
    Presents an overview of the ways in which sustainability is charted worldwide including basic concepts, such as quantitative versus qualitative data, citizen science, or the weak versus strong sustainability debate. Examines how indicators in specific areas (air pollution, fisheries, agriculture and mining, for instance) have been applied (or not) to different regions. (2012)
  • Natural Resources and Sustainability Gale
    Explores the many ways in which human society relies on material resources and natural systems such as air, water, energy, agricultural products, and extracted resources for our everyday needs. (2012)
  • Spirit of Sustainability Gale
    Examines the ways in which religious ideas, beliefs, and practices have both promoted sustainability and served as roadblocks. Covers topics such as religious vegetarianism, understandings of the Earth as Gaia, the Lynn White Thesis, and the field of "science and religion." (2010)

Related Resources

  • American Women of Science since 1900 Gale
    Covers American women scientists across the sciences throughout the 20th century, providing historical context for understanding their achievements and the way they changed the practice of science. (2011)

  • CQ Researcher Congressional Quarterly
    Explores current social and political issues from the news with Congressional Quarterly objectivity and balance, 1991- present.

  • Encyclopedia of Energy, Natural Resource, and Environmental Economics Gale
    This reference work covers the relationships among three important sub-disciplines of economics: energy economics, resource economics, and environmental economics. (2013)

  • Gale eBooks Gale
    All Gale encyclopedia and reference resources in one search.

  • Opposing Viewpoints Gale
    Features viewpoints, topic overviews, full-text magazines, academic journals, news articles, primary source documents, statistics, images, videos, audio files, and links to vetted websites. (Updated regularly)

  • Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research Ethics Gale
    In-depth review of the distinctive set of ethical considerations which accompany qualitative research. (2018)