Skip to Page Content
Linfield College
 - Linfield College
Linfield Libraries

Encyclopedias and Reference

Art & Music
Biology and Chemistry
Business and Economics
Countries, Cultures and Diversity
Gender Studies
General Reference
Health, Medicine, & Sport
Language and Literature
Math and Physics
Philosophy and Religion
Political Science & Law
Sociology and Anthropology
Wine Studies

Art & Music

Art    Music    Research Articles    Theatre    Websites   


  • Encyclopedia of Aesthetics Oxford
    Survey the full breadth of critical thought on art, culture, and society from classical philosophy to contemporary critical theory. (1998)
  • Encyclopedia of Clothing and Fashion Gale
    Includes origins of clothing and body adornment, the development of fabrics and technologies, and social meaning of dress, as well as representative costumes from a wide range of historical areas. (2005)
  • Encyclopedia of Comic Books and Graphic Novels Gale
    Focuses on English-language comics, plus a small selection of influential Japanese and European works, with special emphasis on the new graphic novel format that emerged in the 1970s. (2010)
  • Oxford Art Online Oxford
    Oxford Art Online (formerly Grove's Art) comprises the full text of The Dictionary of Art, edited by Jane Turner (1996, 34 v.) and The Oxford Companion to Western Art, edited by Hugh Brigstocke (2001). Articles that have been added or updated since their appearance in print are date-stamped. (Updated regularly)


  • Music Online Alexander Street
    Comprehensive resource includes African American Music Reference, Garland Encyclopedia of World Music, Classical Scores Library, and Classical Music Reference Library.
  • Music Online: African American Music Reference Alexander Street
    Comprehensive coverage of blues, jazz, spirituals, civil rights songs, slave songs, minstrelsy, rhythm and blues, gospel, and other forms of black American musical expression.
  • Music Online: Classical Scores Library Alexander Street
    Contains the most important classical music scores, manuscripts, and previously unpublished material, allowing for the study and analysis of more than 45,000 musical scores.
  • Music Online: The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music Alexander Street
    Research of all the world's peoples. More than 9,000 pages of material, combined with entries by more than 700 expert contributors from all over the world, make this the most complete body of work focused on world music.
  • Oxford Music Online Oxford
    Oxford Music Online is the access point for Grove Music Online and other Oxford music reference resources. Offers comprehensive coverage of music, musicians, music-making, and music scholarship.
  • St. James Encyclopedia of Hip Hop Culture Gale
    Examines the history and contributions of hip hop to American and global culture, including the music, dance, and visual arts that are its artistic expressions. Entries also examine hip hop's influence in other arenas such as fashion, film, and poetry, its impact on education, politics, social activism, racial and ethnic identity, and globalization, and its many contributions to American, urban, black, and Latino cultures. (2018)
  • Story Behind the Protest Song Gale
    Features the most influential musical protests and statements recorded to date, providing pop-culture viewpoints on some of the most tumultuous times in modern history. (2008)

Research Articles



  • Smarthistory
    Smart history - An open source, online multimedia art history textbook authored by art historians from the Pratt Institute.
  • Timeline of Art History
    Brought to you by the Metropolitan Museum of Art, this timeline is elegant and informative.

Related Resources