Category Archives: The Rest

Olympic games grow, message still the same

The modern Olympic Games differ from their ancient Greek ancestors in significant ways. Is there still any lesson we moderns can learn from the ancients?

Heather Reid, professor of philosophy and chair at Morningside College, gave an affirmative answer and explained her thoughts by delivering the lecture, “Olympic Sport and Its Lessons for Peace,” Feb. 17 in the Jonasson Hall.

Reid started the lecture with an ancient paradox of Olympic, that is international peace and good will can hardly be promoted through competition among national teams, though peace is one of the most important Olympic goals.

“Nonetheless, the ancient Olympic festival somehow developed an association with peace,” Reid said. “The association between Olympic Games and peace was made explicit in the modern Olympic Charter.”

She discovered the Olympic-style sport can cultivate peaceful attitudes in three ways.

First, a time and place must be deliberately set aside for it.

Ancient Greek religious sanctuaries, where Olympic contests were held, were considered the property of the gods and separate from day-to-day worldly concerns and conflict.

Modern Olympic sport retains its status as sanctuary although it has lost religious purpose, Reid said.

The ancient Greek’s ability to compete peacefully also roots in the Hellenic tradition of xenia, or hospitality, which requires Greeks welcome strangers.

The tradition is a kind of interpersonal truce, the importance of which was not lost on modern thinkers such as Immanuel Kant, who understood it to be guaranteed not by gods in the limited space but by the fact that all human beings share common ownership of the earth’s surface.

“The modern Olympic truce is even more ambitious than the ancient one,” Reid said.

Since 1993, the truce demands that nations follow the athletes’ example and put aside their political differences at least for the duration of the Games.

A brief case-fire in Bosnia during the Lillehammer Games, for example, allowed an estimated 10,000 children to be vaccinated.

Second, others’ equality must be recognized.

This principle may derive from the religious origins of the Games, since a single best winner needed to be select through athletic contests, which most provide contestants equal opportunity in order to perform such a testing function.

In our modern world, sport is not possible unless competitors submit to a common set of rules, which defines them as equals.

“The fact is that athletic participation levels down social hierarchies,” Reid said.

“Perhaps even more important for the goal of peace, international contests such as those in the Olympic Games provide an educational spectacle in which the world see diverse people treating each other as equals a voluntarily submitting to common rules,” Reid said.

Third, one another’s differences within the larger world community must be respected.

The roots of this lesson lie in the nature of the ancient site itself, where altars were hosted to an immense variety of gods and heroes.

Furthermore, a Panhellenic site served not just a single city or region but the diverse panorama of peoples and cultures in the Ancient Greek World, Reid said.

The modern Olympic Games also remarkably successful at illustrating their cosmopolitanism spirit when the athletes abandon national ranks and enter the closing ceremonies as one world made of many diverse individuals and groups.

“Engaging in athletic competition with someone different in any number of ways helps not only to overcome stereotypes and confirm our won humanity but also, perhaps more important, to tolerate and even appreciate our differences,” said Reid.

“In philosophy, peace is always an idea – but one worth striving for,” Reid concluded. “What is remarkable about the Olympics and peace is that the two came to be associated with on another at all.”

Just as Reid emphasized at the beginning, the Olympic Games retain the potential to teach us similar lessons – as long as we are willing to listen.

Xiaoyu Fan / Staff writer

Xiaoyu Fan can be reached at

Cosplay: Students bring beloved fictional characters to life

Students can always find ways to use the art building if they are so inclined, and one Saturday afternoon, freshmen Kamon Tari and Kai Alegre can be found working on their latest costumes for the upcoming Sakura Con. Tari and Alegre are both cosplayers. They attend conventions and dress like their favorite characters.

“[At first], I just thought it was some random art project somebody did,” Alegre said. “I thought they were posers, but I started watching videos of people cosplaying, and it’s like, ‘This is the best thing ever.’”

She later learned that cosplay was bigger than a random art project. Alegre stresses the fact that cosplayers should make their own costumes.

“You can tell when somebody bought their costume,” Tari said, “because it doesn’t fit right.”

Tari didn’t start cosplaying seriously until this year. Before that, she had bought costumes to attend conventions in.

“I wanted to [cosplay] because I love dressing up,” Tari said. “It’s very artistic, turning something 2D into a 3D thing.”

Tari and Alegre also enjoy the community that cosplayers have built around their hobby.

“Some of my best friends, I’ve just met at a [convention],” Alegre said.

The characters they are currently working on come from the game “League of Legends.” They try to keep the cost of their materials low.

“It’s very expensive,” Alegre said. “[I use] the cheapest fabric I can find and craft foam.”

A lot of thought goes into picking a character for Alegre and Tari. They can be from current shows they are watching or characters from shows they used to watch, bringing nostalgia to cosplaying.

“Most of the time there is something in common we have with [the characters],” Alegre said. “Other cosplayers inspire me. My friends are getting really good at cosplay.”

“I like to pick characters based on their personalities,” Tari said. “Kai will do crossplaying. I kind of like staying on the female side. I feel like females have more eccentric things than guys.”

Crossplaying is when a cosplayer dresses as a character that is the opposite gender. In the middle of the conversation, Tari asks advice on the costume she’s working on.

Alegre gladly chimes in her opinion, taking in consideration accuracy and the relative size.  Because in cosplay, there is nothing better than being recognized as the character according to Alegre.

“It’s really exciting to go up to someone and say, ‘You look like so-and-so from this anime,’” Tari said.

Cosplayers can sometimes find people that will sponsor them, photographers or people that work on an anime or game. Sponsors help them pay for the materials they use in their costumes.

“There is a cosplayer that really looks like Link from Zelda,” Alegre said. “She is such an amazing cosplayer. She gets like sponsorships and represents Link and cons and stuff. A lot of cosplayers get a lot of publicity.”

There is one sort of publicity to the cosplaying community that Tari doesn’t like. It’s the sort that centers around the cosplayers that focus solely on their sex appeal.

“It loses the meaning behind it,” Tari said. Tari recently created a Facebook page for her work.

“ I did that to document my artwork,” Tari said. “I also thought it would help people find me.”

You can find her at Alegre posts the same sort of things to her Tumblr. She also has a Deviantart she posts photos of her work to.

Tari and Alegre met at Linfield, and they are planning on creating a club for cosplayers.

“We want to start a club here,” Tari said, “and have a Linfield community of cosplay.” The two of them will continue to better themselves on all things cosplay. While in school, Alegre will major in studio art. Tari isn’t sure about her major yet, but she is looking into studio art as well.

Written by Gilberto Galvez/Features editor

Layout by Amanda Gibbon/For the Review

Gilberto Galvez can be reached at

Freshman Kai Alegre poses as equalist Korra from the series “The Legend of Korra.” One of her friends, who is also a cosplayer, took the pictures.

Photo courtesy of Kai Alegre

Freshman Kai Alegre crouches beside a stream dressed as Korra.
Photographers are also a large part of the cosplaying community.

Photo courtesy of Kai Alegre

Freshman Kamon Tari compares her drawing of her character’s weapon to the original  with help from freshman Kai Algre’s.

Gilberto Galvez/Features editor

Freshman Kamon Tari has just finished her character’s weapon. She will attend Sakura Con dressed as Akali from League of Legends.

Photo courtesy of Kamon Tari

“League of Legends” characters provide a lot of inspiration for freshmen Kamon Tari and Kai Alegre. Alegre is working on a costume for Yasuo.

Photo courtesy of Kamon Tari


Around the map: Freshman follows passion for language

Freshman Michaela Duffey is planning to major in French and minor in Japanese. She was the first prize winner of the French competitive scholarship last year and has a knack for syntax and memorization.

“I first started taking French in high school my freshman year,” Duffey said. Duffey began to take Japanese when another friend of hers started telling her about it.

“After one year of [my friend] taking Japanese, and telling me the fun about it, I actually did take both languages in high school,” Duffey said.

Duffey is currently enrolled in French 302 and Japanese 102. Along with the language, a student must learn about the culture as well. Duffey finds it interesting, especially when she looks at both in comparison.

“They are two completely different cultures,” Duffey said. “The languages are almost complete opposites. French is really precise, where in Japanese they usually just assume subject.”

Duffey intertwines the importance of language and culture.

“Learning the social culture that goes along with the languages is very interesting,” Duffey said. “It’s really challenging to yourself sometimes, but it’s really fun to see how other people do it. If you learn a language, you open up a door to another place.”

Outside of classes, Duffey finds other ways to be involved with both cultures and languages through clubs and international students.

“I’m in French and Japanese club,” Duffey said. “I’ve been trying to make friends with the Japanese exchange students. The French teaching assistant is taking Japanese.”

Pronunciation is very important to Duffey. Not only does she want to know all of the languages’ rules, she wants to be able to make her speech in both languages sound authentic.

“For Japanese, we use a lot of sound files from the textbook,” Duffey said. “The thing is you carry vowels from your own language, and they are out of place, so I’m trying to mimic the intonation in vowel sounds.”

Duffey pays special attention to the way a native speaker’s mouth moves. That way she can mimic the sound of the words as closely as possible. Duffey is also taking classes in other materials that will help with her languages. This January Term, she took Latin to learn some of the root words French uses.

“To continue Latin would be fun,” Duffey said. “I’ve had a bucket list of languages.”

To major in French, Duffey only has to have one semester abroad since she started in French 301. She will also have one semester abroad for her Japanese minor.

“This fall, I’m going to France in Aix-en-Provence in AUCP,” Duffey said. For her Japanese minor, Duffey will go to Kanto Gakuin University during spring semester in 2015.

Sometimes, Duffey does mix up Japanese and French, but the deeper she goes into both the easier it will be to keep them separate.

Gilberto Galvez/Features editor

Gilberto Galvez can be reached at

Freshman Michaela Duffey helps at the Portland

Mochitsuki festival on Jan. 26. She attended the event with the Japanese Club.

Photo courtesy of Michaela Duffey

Leaving a legacy at Linfield


This year, Craig Singletary, a retired Linfield professor, is hanging up his microphone and no longer working in the public address box during Linfield football games. Singletary began working in the P.A. box the same year the Wildcats’ winning streak began 58 years ago.

Singletary was born and raised in Portland, Ore. He graduated from Lewis & Clark College in 1954, majoring in speech communications while working on music. He played cello and played in the Portland Junior Symphony. Singletary began working in McMinnville at KMCM radio.


Craig Singletary is retiring from working in the Linfield football P.A. system. Before he worked there, he was the head professor in thecommunications department.
Singletary attends to details during a forensics tournament. He taught various public speaking classes at Linfield, and received his Ph.D. in rhetoric and public address from University of Oregon.
Singletary is seen at another forensics tournament. Singletary was also essential to the creation of KSLC and helped students run the radio station.

“I had a friend in the investment business down here,” Singletary said. That friend helped Singletary acquire a job in the McMinnville area.

“In a small town radio station, you do everything,” Singletary said. “I had a morning show for a couple of years.” Singletary also worked as a director of various aspects of the radio station, music director, program director, etc.

KMCM began broadcasting Linfield games in 1956. Singletary did that for the next ten years.

In 1958, Dr. Roy Mahaffey, who was then the chair of the Linfield Speech Department, approached Singletary about a part-time job at Linfield. Singletary accepted the offer. He taught a broadcast class and a public speaking class.

It was in 1960 when Singletary started his full-time job as a Linfield professor. He taught a variety of classes until his retirement in 1993: argumentation, persuasion, interpersonal communication. At the same time, he still worked on an early morning show for KMCM.

To further his education, Singletary studied at University of Oregon to receive a Masters in radio and television. He then later acquired a Ph.D. in rhetoric and public address from the same university, taking a short leave of absence in 1966.

“I was also a forensics director for five years,” Singletary said. When Mahaffey retired in 1970, Singletary became the Speech and Debate team’s director.

“I was surprised and really pleased to find out they named the high school tournament after me,” Singletary said.

While teaching his class on broadcasting, Singletary realized that students were not receiving much experience at Linfield, so in the early 1960s, he started a radio station here at Linfield, KLIN.

“I felt that it was one way to give the students practical experience,” Singletary said.

The first incarnation of the student radio station had spotty signal because it was carrier current radio station. In 1971, the Federal Communications Commission gave Singletary and the college permission to have an FM radio station, KSLC.

“We didn’t have the facility in the basement of Renshaw then. We had a space in the basement of Pioneer,” Singletary said. “It was nice because students walking to class could look in and see guys working on air.”

In either 1973 or 1974, Singletary was asked to do the PA announcing for the football games. He has worked during every game up until this season. In 2001, he was inducted into the Linfield Athletics Hall of Fame.

“It was getting more complicated with computer screens and everything,” Singletary said. “That is why I decided to retire.”

Singletary has always been a strong voice in his time here at Linfield, and he still hopes to add his voice to football games but not from the press box.

“I will continue to be a fan of the Wildcats in future years and add my voice to the crowd cheering, something I couldn’t do in the press box,” Singletary said.

Gilberto Galvez/Features editor

Gilberto Galvez can be reached at

Pet profiles Cats and dogs reign at the Fraternities


Mowgli is one of several cats living in Linfield’s fraternities. He spends a majority of his days sleeping and playing with brothers.
Samantha Sigler/Editor-in-chief