Category Archives: News

Tuition increases for 2014-2015 year

Linfield’s full-time student tuition will increase by 3.06 percent—the smallest dollar increase in the last decade and the lowest percentage increase since 2003.

Tuition will go from $35,900 to $37,000 for the 2014-2015 school year, according to Vice President for Enrollment Management Dan Preston and Vice President for Finance and Administration and Chief Financial Officer, Mary Ann Rodriguez.

A study by the National Center for Education Statistics reported a 31 percent tuition, room, and board price increase between the 2000-2001 and 2010-2011 school years for private universities. College costs have risen drastically over the past decade, and Linfield is no exception.

“Tuition at Linfield, like most colleges, goes up annually,” said Preston and Rodriguez in an email. “This year, the majority of the additional resources available in the budget went toward a modest increase in employee salaries and corresponding benefits.”

Budget resources for next year will also go toward departmental operating budgets to repair and remodel campus facilities, increased accident and disaster insurance for the college, and student work-study funding for the increase in Oregon’s minimum wage.

Every year, Linfield’s president, his or her cabinet, an associate dean of faculty, and others devise the budget after considering departmental budget requests, incoming revenue, and student sensitivity to price changes.

After the budget is reviewed by the Board of Trustees in early January, “the budget is presented at an open campus meeting, including video feed to the other campus (if presented in McMinnville, video feed to Portland),” said Preston and Rodriguez in an email.

After passing through other groups, the President presents the full proposal in February and it is officially approved in May by the Board of Trustees.

Although Linfield has no current short or long-term policies regarding tuition pricing, tuition has and will continue to increase annually.

But Rodriguez and Preston claimed Linfield is well aware of the effects increased costs have on students.

“One of the top reasons students give for not continuing enrollment at Linfield is because of the costs of the college. ” said Rodriguez and Preston in an email.

“The smaller the cost increase to students, the greater the possibility that enrollment rates of continuing students will be positively affected,” said Rodriguez and Preston in an email.

Professor of Economics Jeffrey Summers, who has published research in the field of the economics of higher education, emphasized the importance of looking at the valid reasons behind tuition increases.

“You raise the price because you know you want to raise the quality of the education you’re providing,” Summers said.

Summers argued that while Linfield increases its tuition price for students, it does so in an attempt to provide more educational and co-curricular offerings.

“I’ve been here 20 years, and I can say with a great degree of confidence that the academic standards at Linfield are much better than they were 20 years ago. My students come better prepared, I am able to expect more from my students and they deliver more,” Summers said.

The economics professor, who served as the associate dean of faculty for seven years and sat in on budget meetings, is certain of Linfield’s ability to keep its students’ ability to pay in mind.

“I think nationally, Linfield has been recognized for its quality. The quality has gone up, but the price has gone up, too. In general, I’d say Linfield has done a pretty good job of balancing those two,” Summers said.

Students generally understand the need to increase costs, but may find themselves questioning the limits of tuition increases.

“I don’t want tuition to be higher, but the money has to come from somewhere, and raising tuition is probably the easiest thing the school can do,” freshman Patty Roberts said.

Helen Lee

Photo Editor

Helen             Lee                 can                 be                   reached        at
linfieldreviewphotos@gmail.com.

Changing the goals and ideologies of the Olympics

The 2014 Sochi Olympics may have ended but as the world gears up for the 2016 summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro the scholarly world is still thinking about the Olympics.

Department chair of politics and government professor Jules Boykoff of Pacific University will discuss at a lecture the history of the Olympics and how the ideologies of it have changed since it started.

Boykoff will examine how the Olympics were founded to promote peace through sports while preparing young men for war, and have since shifted to a more capitalist and economic model.

In Boykoff’s recent book published in 2013, “Celebration Capitalism and the Olympic Games” discusses the mass media-trumpeted political spectacle, commercialism, lopsided public-private partnerships, sustainability claims, and the push for local police enforcement to prevent terrorism at the games.

Boykoff will present his lecture, “On Celebration Capitalism” at 7:30 p.m. on Tuesday, April 8, in the Austin Reading Room at Nicholson Library.

This event is sponsored by Nicholson Library and the Program for Liberal Arts and Civic Engagement.

For questions concerning this event contact professor Tom Mertes at tmertes@linfield.edu or at 503-883-2759.

Jonathan Williams

Opinion editor

Jonathan Williams   can          be            reached   at
linfieldreviewopinion@gmail.com.

Revisiting Lincoln, U.S.A.’s freedom

A leading historical scholar opened his lecture by quoting Frederick Douglas who said, “Abraham Lincoln was not, in the fullest sense of the word, either our man or our model… he was a white man.”

The speaker continued later in the lecture to ask what good is freedom if you can’t do anything with it, in reference to African-Americans’ freed by the emancipation proclamation and the 13th amendment.

Pulitzer prize winner and professor emeritus from the University of California, Berkeley, Leon Litwack kicked off the opening ceremony of the traveling Lincoln exhibition, “Lincoln: The Constitution and the Civil War,” at 7:30 p.m. on April 3, in the Nicholson library.

Litwack captured the attention of the audience by speaking slow with much intonation put on ideas he felt passionately about.

Litwack discussed much of what he wrote about in his recent book, “How Free is Free?: The Long Death of Jim Crow,” that investigates race relations and  the limitations African-Americans’ had when they were freed by the emancipation proclamation and the 13th Amendment.

“Slave owners pretty much controlled the national government” Litwack said. His key points were that Lincoln accepted white supremacy, but hated slavery.

In his first inaugural address in 1861 he state he was willing to preserve slavery if it would save the union.

He emphasized that school textbooks don’t tell the truth about the civil war, as the majority of his lecture focused on how the war was about abolishing slavery not succession or economics.

The American Library Association, Nicholson Library, and the department of history sponsored the event that is part of the Jonasson lecture series.

Library director and professor Susan Barnes White, and professor Peter Buckingham, history department chair, introduced Litwack to a packed audience at Nicholson Library.

Lincoln said if there weren’t a civil war there wouldn’t have been an emancipation proclamation, and predicted it would be another 100 years before the abolition of slavery.

Litwack mentioned that the most radical and revolutionary performances done by any United States president in American history are Lincoln’s emancipation proclamation and the 13th Amendment.

Though many people thought of Lincoln as a hero, Litwack said W.E.B. Dubois had wrote in “Crisis” magazine “Lincoln was a large jumble of contradictions.”

Audience members who stayed for the question and answer portion of the lecture learned that as an undergraduate at Berkley Litwack had met Dubois.

Those in attendance left with a great understanding of the American civil war and what Abraham Lincoln was about.

The next Lincoln event will be held at 7 p.m. on April 10 in the Nicholson Library. The event is set to feature a Lincoln impersonator.

Jonathan Williams

Opinion Editor

Jonathan Williams   can          be            reached   at
linfieldreviewopinion@gmail.com.

How to make numbers interesting

An upcoming lecture will focus on how to get readers hooked and keep them entertained, even when writing about numbers- and policy-based subjects.

Washington Post economic correspondent Jim Tankersley will visit Linfield on April 16 to talk about how to combine the interesting elements of human-interest stories with current events and issues, like healthcare and economic downturn.

“America’s problems are growing more and more complex,” Tankersley said. “The great challenge in American journalism today is helping news consumers — readers and viewers and listeners — understand those puzzles, so the country can solve the big problems.”

Tankersley grew up in McMinnville, attended McMinnville High School and worked for the local paper, The News-Register, in his summers off.

After high school he went on to earn a political science degree at Stanford University and has worked for various papers since then, including The Oregonian, The Rocky Mountain News, The Chicago Tribune, The Los Angeles Times Washington Bureau and the National Journal magazine.

“We are thrilled that Jim is going to be visiting Linfield to talk about journalism,” said professor Brad Thompson, chair of the mass communication department. “This will be a great opportunity for our students to interact with one of the finest journalists working at the forefront of the intersection of new media and journalism.”

Tankersley will also talk about a new blog launched by the Washington Post that aims to inform readers about complicated public policy topics and analysis through story-telling, graphics, photos and video.

The lecture will be on Wednesday, April 16 in Riley 201 at 7:30 p.m. It is titled “Tell me a story (with numbers, too).”

The lecture is hosted by the mass communication department and for more information contact Brad Thompson at bthomps@linfield.edu

Olivia Marovich

News editor

Olivia       Marovich can          be            reached   at
linfieldreviewnews@gmail.com.

Impact of Fukushima disaster still hard to determine

One of the largest natural disasters of our time created a dangerous nuclear situation, but three years later scientists and scholars are still debating the effects and consequences from the event.

Dr. Kathryn Higley, professor of nuclear engineering and radiation physics at Oregon State University visited Linfield to explain the scientific facts behind the disaster and address some of the mysteries surrounding the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant damage. The lecture, originally scheduled for Murdock 105, was moved to Graf 101 where seating was still difficult to find.

“It’s a societal question,” Higley said of the topic of her lecture. “What is an acceptable level of risk?”

In 2011 an 8.9 magnitude earthquake occurred off the coast of Japan. While the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant was designed to withstand earthquakes up to an 8.2 magnitude, this huge natural disaster was too much for portions of the structure to withstand.

Much of the over 290,000 person population of Fukushima was evacuated after radioactive Cesium-137 and Cesium-134 was released into the atmosphere. Exposure to these chemicals can increase the chance for cancer, though data about these human reactions is limited.

Most of our knowledge about human reactions to nuclear power comes from the people of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 who were exposed to the atomic bombings of World War II. People are, however, exposed to radioactive materials almost constantly. Which chemicals depend on where you live, but because these chemicals naturally occur in such low doses there is no effective way of measuring their effect on the body.

Less than 10 millisieverts of a radioactive material cannot be measured on the human body. The people of Fukushima are currently being allowed to return to their homes in areas with less than 10 mSv of these radioactive materials. The decision is made after vegetation and soil in the area is tested for Cesium-137 and -134.

Higley addressed reports that some starfish and polar bear species were going extinct as a possible result of the Fukushima disaster. But she said these reports could not be proven scientifically.

“Humans are more complex organisms than these species,” Higley said. “Therefore, we are more susceptible to negative side effects of these radioactive chemicals. If these species were dying than we would most definitely be dying as well, which is not the case.”

The earthquake did, however, have many negative effects for the people of Japan.

In total there were 15,884 deaths, 747,989 buildings partially destroyed and there are still 2,633 people missing today.

People were displaced from their homes; about 160,000 people still are displaced as testing in some areas of Fukushima, especially near the Daiichi plant, is ongoing.

Dairy and produce production in Japan was also affected as international buyers were reluctant to purchase products exposed to radioactive materials.

“Managing this thing is going to take a decade,” Higley said. “This was an enormous tragedy. We’re learning about reactor design, emergency preparedness, radiological impact, and trying to apply those lessons here and elsewhere in the world to make sure that we can do a better job in responding if a natural disaster of this magnitude ever occurs again.”

This lecture was hosted by the Science Colloquium program in conjuncture with the PLACE program.

Olivia Marovich

News editor

Olivia       Marovich can          be            reached   at             linfieldreviewnews@gmail.com.