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Linfield Libraries Encyclopedias and Reference

Regular Library Hours:
Nicholson Library
M-Th 7:30a - midnight; F 7:30a - 6p
Sat 10a - 4p; Sun noon - midnight

Portland Campus
M-Th 8a - 9p; F 8a - 5p
Sat 11a - 5p; Sun 3p - 9p
Between term hours
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Regular Library Hours:
Nicholson Library
M-Th 7:30a - midnight; F 7:30a - 6p
Sat 10a - 4p; Sun noon - midnight

Portland Campus
M-Th 8a - 9p; F 8a - 5p
Sat 11a - 5p; Sun 3p - 9p
Between term hours
facebook   Twitter   Federal Depository Library

Encyclopedias and Reference

Art & Music
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Business and Economics

Business | Economics | Marketing | Research Articles | Websites |


  • Business Insights Global Gale
    Detailed information for domestic and international companies and associations, including financials, corporate structure, market share, industry rankings, company histories, and more.

  • Company Histories Gale
    Brought to you via Business Insights: Global. Search company name

  • Encyclopedia of American Industries Gale
    Provides detailed, comprehensive information on a wide range of industries in every realm of American business. (2011)

  • Encyclopedia of Business & Finance Gale
    Designed for the nonspecialist, the Encyclopedia of Business and Finance is a 2-vol. complete reference covering five general areas: finance and banking; accounting; marketing; management; and information systems. Drawing on practical professional expertise as well as that of noted scholars, the contributors include executives, government administrators and scholars from leading business programs from around the United States.

  • Encyclopedia of Emerging Industries Gale
    Provides information about the inception, emergence and current status of new and established industries and business segments that are pioneering new technologies, introducing break-through marketing strategies or implementing innovative means of serving new markets. Consists of detailed profiles newer industries, such as biometrics, risk management services, satellites, specialty tourism, and others. (2011)

  • Encyclopedia of Global Industries Gale
    Chronicles the history, development and current status of the world's most lucrative and high profile industries. Each entry covers size and economic/social impact of the industry; its organization and structure; its history and development; major countries and companies involved (including rankings); size and nature of the work force; and research. (2011)

  • Morningstar Investment Research Center
    Find comprehensive financial information on stocks, mutual funds and more.

  • NetAdvantage Standard & Poor's
    Current corporation records and industry surveys. Updated regularly


  • Encyclopedia of Consumption and Waste Gale
    Examines why we throw away the trash we do today, using data compiled from the exploration of dumpsters, to better understand our modern society and culture. (2012)

  • IMF Statistics

  • Sage Encyclopedia of Economics and Society
    This reference covers economics, the nexus and engine that runs society, affecting societal well-being, raising standards of living when economies prosper or lowering citizens through class structures when economies perform poorly.(2015)


  • American Attitudes: What Americans Think about the Issues That Shape Their Lives Gale
    Chronicles the changes and consistencies in the attitudes of the American public on numerous social topics over the past thirty years. (2010)

  • American Generations: Who They Are and How They Live Gale
    Discusses the differences and similarities among the various generations and age groups of Americans. (2010)

  • American Incomes: Demographics of Who Has the Money Gale
    Explores the economic status of Americans and provides data on the wealth of American households. Examines household income trends by age, household type, race and ethnicity, education, region of residence, and work status. Also focuses on the poverty population. 2015

  • American Marketplace: Demographics & Spending Patterns Gale
    Includes data on education, health, housing, income, labor force participation, living arrangements, population, spending, and wealth.(2015)

  • Baby Boom:Americans Born 1946-1964 Gale
    Reveals the unique characteristics of Baby Boomers and explains how those characteristics are remaking American society. Includes the latest statistics on the labor force participation, living arrangements, incomes, health, spending, and wealth of the generation. (2015)

  • Best Customers:Demographics of Consumer Demand Gale
    Based on data collected from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' 2013 Consumer Expenditure Survey, this report analyzes the demographics of household spending on hundreds of products and services. Identifies which households spend the most on those products and services, and which control the largest share of spending. Also included is a product-by-product analysis of spending trends before and after the Great Recession, and a prediction of future trends. (2015)

  • Demographics of the U.S. Gale
    Details the socioeconomic trends of the last half of the twentieth century and the first decade of the 21st. It includes comprehensive coverage of historical statistics, including single-year data on many topics such as school enrollment, SAT scores, hospital admissions, employment status of men and women, living arrangements of children, marital status, and geographic mobility. (2012)

  • Encyclopedia of Emerging Markets Gale
    This business encyclopedia provides custom-written articles offering rare insight into nations with social or business activity in the process of rapid growth and industrialization, as well as highlighting key emerging industries within those economies.(2013)

  • Encyclopedia of Global Brands Gale
    Contains 270 entries, written in case-study style, that highlight interesting details including how a product originated and was first marketed, how it developed commercially and how it fares today compared with its competitors and its own past history. Included are anecdotes pertaining to the famous, or infamous, marketing strategies and advertising campaigns that managed to capture the sometimes jaded viewers' attention.(2013)

  • Encyclopedia of Major Marketing Campaigns Gale
    Profiles important marketing campaigns of the 20th century (2007)

  • Generation X: Americans Born 1965 to 1976 Gale
    Includes demographic and lifestyle data on Generation X. (2015)

  • Household Spending: Who Spends How Much on What? Gale
    Based on data collected by the Bureau of Labor Statistics' 2013 Consumer Expenditure Survey, this report examines how much American households spend on hundreds of products and services, all organized by demographics. It discusses who is buying what, and how much they spend. Also included in this edition is a comparison of spending trends before and after the Great Recession. (2015)

  • Millennials Born 1977-1994 Gale
    Provides a demographic and socioeconomic profile of the Millennial generation. Includes statistics on the education, living arrangements, labor force participation, health, incomes, spending, and time use of the youngest generation and its parents. (2015)

  • Older Americans: Changing Market Gale
    Provides the latest statistics on the health, living arrangements, incomes, spending, and wealth of the 55-or-older age group. (2012)

Research Articles


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