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Linfield Libraries Encyclopedias and Reference

Regular Library Hours:
Nicholson Library
M-Th 7:30a - midnight; F 7:30a - 6p
Sat 10a - 4p; Sun noon - midnight

Portland Campus
M-Th 8a - 9p; F 8a - 5p
Sat 11a - 5p; Sun 3p - 9p
Between term hours
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Regular Library Hours:
Nicholson Library
M-Th 7:30a - midnight; F 7:30a - 6p
Sat 10a - 4p; Sun noon - midnight

Portland Campus
M-Th 8a - 9p; F 8a - 5p
Sat 11a - 5p; Sun 3p - 9p
Between term hours
facebook   Twitter   Federal Depository Library

Encyclopedias and Reference

Art & Music
Biology and Chemistry
Business and Economics
Countries, Cultures and Diversity
Gender Studies
General Reference
Health, Medicine, & Sport
Language and Literature
Math and Physics
Philosophy and Religion
Political Science & Law
Sociology and Anthropology

Art & Music

Art | Music | Research Articles | Websites |


  • American Folk Art: A Regional Reference Gale
    Offers a collection of essays on the life and work of 300 individual artists. (2012)

  • Comic Art in the United States Through 2000, Animation and Cartoons: An International Bibliography Gale
    Provides information on U.S. and Canadian comic art, animation, caricature, and gag, political, illustrative, and magazine cartoons. (2005)

  • Comics Through Time Gale
    Focusing especially on American comic books and graphic novels from the 1930s to the present, this four-volume work provides an authoritative source on the history of the comics medium. (2014)

  • Encyclopedia of Aesthetics Oxford
    Survey the full breadth of critical thought on art, culture, and society from classical philosophy to contemporary critical theory. (1998)

  • Encyclopedia of Clothing and Fashion Gale
    Includes origins of clothing and body adornment, the development of fabrics and technologies, and social meaning of dress, as well as representative costumes from a wide range of historical areas.(2005)

  • Grove Encyclopedia of American Art
    From Native American art to Colonial art to contemporary American art. (2011)

  • Oxford Art Online
    Grove Art Online comprises the full text of The Dictionary of Art, edited by Jane Turner (1996, 34 vols) and The Oxford Companion to Western Art, edited by Hugh Brigstocke (2001). Articles that have been added or updated since their appearance in print are date-stamped. (Updated regularly)


  • African American Music Reference Alexander Street
    Comprehensive coverage of blues, jazz, spirituals, civil rights songs, slave songs, minstrelsy, rhythm and blues, gospel, and other forms of black American musical expression.

  • American Folk Songs: A Regionial Encyclopedia Gale
    Provides a state-by-state collection of folksongs describing the history, society, culture, and events characteristic of all fifty states.(2008)

  • Classical Music Reference Library Alexander Street
    Brings together more than 40,000 pages of essential reference materials, spanning the entire history of Western classical music.

  • Classical Scores Library Alexander Street
    Contains the most important classical music scores, manuscripts, and previously unpublished material, allowing for the study and analysis of more than 45,000 musical scores.

  • Encyclopedia of African American Music Gale
    Showcases all facets of African American music including folk, religious, concert and popular styles. (2011)

  • Garland Encyclopedia of World Music Alexander Street
    Research of all the world's peoples. More than 9,000 pages of material, combined with entries by more than 700 expert contributors from all over the world, make this the most complete body of work focused on world music.

  • Music Online Alexander Street
    Comprehensive resource includes African American Music Reference, Garland Encyclopedia of World Music, Classical Scores Library, and Classical Music Reference Library.

  • Naxos Music Library - Classical
    Streaming Classical Music

  • Naxos Music Library - Jazz
    Streaming Jazz Music

  • Oxford Music Online (formerly Grove's)
    Oxford Music Online is the access point for Grove Music Online and other Oxford music reference resources.

  • Story Behind the Protest Song Gale
    Features the most influential musical protests and statements recorded to date, providing pop-culture viewpoints on some of the most tumultuous times in modern history. (2008)

Research Articles


  • Smarthistory
    Smarthistory An open source, online multimedia art history textbook authored by art historians from the Pratt Institute.

  • Timeline of Art History
    Brought to you by the Metropolitan Museum of Art, this timeline is elegant and informative.

Related Resources

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McMinnville, Oregon  97128-6894
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