General Web Information
- What is the World Wide Web?
- Come to think of it: what is the Internet anyway?
- Who is responsible for the content in Linfield's web site?
- How do I make web pages?
- How do I publish my own web pages on Catfiles?
- How do I get a web site for my club or organization?
If there are questions or comments about specific pages, please direct those questions to email@example.com. Faculty, staff and students may also include links to their home pages. This is described below in the How To Link Your Home Page section. Please make sure that the home pages you create are "in good taste" and remember that they reflect directly back to the author. We do reserve the right to NOT provide a link to any page that is obscene or inappropriate for the Linfield community. Also, please don't add any commercial pages. Linfield is not responsible for the content or support of any of these pages.
The World Wide Web was actually invented by someone. Tim Berners-Lee developed the first web server and browser in 1990 while working for the Swiss particle physics lab CERN. Very basically, the world wide web is a protocol that uses the internet to transfer hypertext documents from one computer to another. Hypertext documents are text files that use special tags to markup the text for presentation. They also support hyperlinking, the connecting of one document to another using links within the body of a document. This was a revolutionary concept in a world of printed literature with bibliographies, indexes, and footnotes. You can learn more about the concept of hyperlinking documents at the World Wide Web Consortium's history pages.
Linfield's Webmaster has yet to meet a person who could answer this seemingly easy question completely so here is the official definition. Read it and weep!
On October 24, 1995 the Federal Networking Council passed a resolution defining the term Internet.
Internet refers to the global information system that---(i) is logically linked together by a globally unique address space based on the Internet Protocol (IP) or its subsequent extensions or follow-ons: (ii) is able to support communications using the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) suite or its subsequent extensions/follow-ons, and /or other IP compatible protocols; and (iii) provides, uses, or makes accessible, either publicly or privately, high level services layered on the communications and related infrastructure described herein.
More simply put: The Internet is an information system that is linked together using globally unique addresses and is capeable of communicating using the TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) suite. Now you know! Amaze your friends at parties! If you'd like to learn more about the history of the Internet, look at The Internet Society's Brief History of the Internet
Responsibility for the college web site lies with the Chief Technology Officer. That responsibility is carried out primarily through the services of the college Webmaster. Content in the site is provided by the represented departments.
Web pages are written in "HTML", Hypertext Markup Langauge. HTML is a simple text-based language where "tags" are used inside standard text files to provide text highlighting, links, graphics and paragraph formatting styles. In recent years more complex programming languages have come into play to make pages more dynamic and even create pages on the fly based on requested information. The best method of learning HTML is through examples. Looking at various home pages and their source code, often shows you how certain tags work and how to implement them in ever-more interesting ways. The Getting Started with HTML site at the World Wide Web Consortium is a very good place to start.
If you want to publish your own web pages, you can use Catfiles to serve them to the web. You can post your pages to Catfiles using the Catfiles interface or with a tool like Dreamweaver.
Set Up CatFiles
Begin by logging into Catfiles at http://catfiles.linfield.edu. Use your catnet username and password. Use the "Linfield" domain.
Once you are in, create a new folder called "public_html". Do this by clicking
on the "New Folder" icon in the upper right corner of the screen.
Once the folder is created, click in the checkbox next to it. Then, click on the "Manage" icon just above the folder window. Select "Permissions" from the drop-down list. In the new window, you should see a row with "Public" at the head. Check the "Viewer(Read_Only)" radio button in this row. Then click "Apply". Click "OK" in the popup window. Once that's done. Click on your username in the breadcrumbs trail to get back to your files overview.
Double click on your public_html folder. You should now be inside your public_html folder. While not required, it is recommended that you create a new folder in here called "images". This is where you would store image files related to your site.
Web pages stored in catfiles should have file names that end with ".htm" or ".html". Images should be ".jpg", ".jpeg", ".gif", or ".png".
Upload a Web Page Through CatFiles
No matter what you ultimately choose to use to publish your web content, you should publish at least one test page through CatFiles. This will give you the important path information you will need to use other publishing tools.
Inside your "public_html" directory, click on the "Upload" icon just to the
left of the "New Folder" icon. In the new window, click on the "Browse" button
to navigate to the file you wish to upload. If you have more than one file to
upload, click on the "Add File" button to add another. Alternately,
you can click on the "Advanced Upload" option which provides a drag and drop
interface and the ability to upload whole folders.
Once you have all your files in place, click the "Start Upoad" button.
Test Your Connection
Once you have uploaded your files, Check to see if they can be seen on the web. While in Catfiles, inside your public_html folder, right click on the index.html file (or whatever file you are checking). Select "Copy Link Location". You may get an alert that says "Your browser does not allow the link to be copied to the clipboard. Please cut and paste the URL below. " That's OK, do what it says. Past the url into a new browser window's address bar. You should see your page.
Upload a Web Page Using Dreamweaver
Dreamweaver can also connect directly to CatFiles. This will let you go straight from your editing tool to the web which can be a real time saver. It can also expidite file and folder creation.
Begin by opening Dreamweaver. You'll want to keep the browser window with
your test page open in the background during the initial setup
as you will need to pull some information from there. In the top menubar in Dreamweaver,
select "Sites" and "Manage Sites" from the drop down menu. In the dialogue box,
that opens, select "Advanced" and "New Site". In the next box, Name your site
"Catfiles" whatever you want. Fill in the information in this box.
- Your "Local Root Folder" should be whereever you keep your web files on your computer.
- The "Default Images" folder should be the Images folder you created in CatFiles.
- Your "HTTP Address" should be the address of the test page you sent up with CatFiles MINUS the name of the actual file. So if your test page address is: https://catfiles.linfield.edu/People/Staff/jdpierce/public_html/index.html, your HTTP Address would be: https://catfiles.linfield.edu/People/Staff/jdpierce/public_html/.
- The boxes for cache and case sensitive linking are optional. If you are managing a large site, the cache is a good idea. The web addresses WILL BE CASE SENSITIVE so you might want to check that box too, or stick with all lower case addresses.
Once filled out, click on the "Remote Info" link in the left menu. In this
box, select "WebDav" from the menu. In the new box complete the information as
- Access: WebDAV
- URL: Same as your "HTTP Address"
- Login: Catnet Login
- Password: Catnet Password. Leave this BLANK if you are working on a lab machine
- You don't need to check any of the other boxes unless you are running a very large site
Click "Test" to make sure the connection works.
Click "OK" at the bottom of the page and then "Done"
Finally, in the "Files" Window in Dreamweaver, click the little "Connect"
icon to connect to your CatFiles site.
Enter your password, and if everything went according to plan, you should have a remote view and the ability to publish. In Dreamweaver, you publish (Put) by clicking on the blue arrow. If you want to get something from the server (get), click on the green arrow.
If you just need a basic description and contact information for your club, contact ASLC and they will add you to the ASLC club list. If you are looking for something larger, contact the webmaster to set up a time to meet and outline the scope of the project.