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Instructor: All right. These are not equal characteristics. We value as a society, and I think Tyler asked the other day, “Well, where is this written down, this, some of these rules?” We, we do this through, we don’t necessarily give men and women little books when they are children and say, “Here, this is how to be a man, and this is how to be a woman.” We send them messages: ah, visually, indirectly, sometimes very directly, for example, when a little boy starts to cry and someone says, “Oh, boys don’t cry.” You know, “Be a man. You can’t cry.” But we send these messages over and over and over again. And we’re sending the message, too, then, as Kelsey mentions, that this set of characteristics, the ones that are associated with masculinity tend to be better. And that strength in our society is better than weakness. Independence is better than dependence. Okay. That creates inequality and that’s why we talk about gender stratification.
Remember, when we talk about gender stratification systems, we’re talking about inequalities in power and prestige and in wealth. We do the same thing as we do with class and with race and ethnicity with gender. We associate masculine characteristics with power and with prestige, and they tend to be more valued than other characteristics. And we see this in societies around the world as well. They’re not, all societies are not exactly the same, but we see the same types of things happening.